среда, 15 февраля 2012 г.

Azov Greeks (Urums and Rumei) & Haplogroup I1

Crimean Goths were those Gothic tribes who remained in the lands around the Black Sea, especially in Crimea. They were the least-powerful, least-known, and almost paradoxically, the longest-lasting of the Gothic communities. Their existence is well attested through the ages though the exact period when they ceased to exist as a distinct culture is unknown; as with the Goths in general, they may have been diffused with the surrounding peoples. In the Fourth Turkish letter by Ogier Ghiselin de Busbecq, they are described as "a warlike people, who to this day inhabit many villages" though in the 5th century, Theodoric the Great failed to rouse Crimean Goths to support his war in Italy.

 Map of Gothia – territory of the Crimean Goths



The descendants of Crimean Goths.

Urums, singular Urum (Greek: Ουρούμ Urúm, Turkish and Crimean Tatar: Urum, IPA: [uˈɾum]) is a broad historical term that was used by some Turkic-speaking peoples (Turks, Crimean Tatars) to define Greeks who lived in Muslim states, particularly in the Ottoman Empire and Crimea. In contemporary ethnography, the term Urum (or Urum Greek) applies only to Turk population.

Rumei - one of two ethno-linguistic groups Azov Greeks. Unlike Urums - carriers of the Turkic dialects - rumei speak dialects of Modern Greek language, dating back to the language of the Byzantine and poorly understood by the inhabitants of modern Greece.




Total Azov Greeks I1 (M253) - 14%
Urums I1 (M253) - 13%

Rumei I1 (M253) - 16%













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